Satellite Telecommunications in the UAE Description UAE Satellites In the framework of TDRA strategic objectives to “Develop the quality of provided ICT services in the UAE, to ensure keeping pace with technological development in the ICT sector” and to achieve “Leadership in smart technological infrastructure in the UAE”, TDRA supports Satellite communications in coordination with local and international stakeholders. Currently, the UAE operates 9 satellites through three operators (Thuraya Satellite Communication Company, Al Yah Satellite Communications Company, Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre - MBRSC). The UAE satellites are located in two main orbits: Geostationary Earth Obit and Low Earth Orbit, covering and providing services in more than 140 countries. The services provided by these satellites are Mobile Satellite Service, Broadcasting Satellite Service, Fixed Satellite Service, and Remote Sensing. Additionally, Satellites for Educational/Experimental purpose have been launched such as Nayif-1. Role of TDRA in Satellite Telecommunications Representation of UAE at international organisations and activities, notably the ITU. International registration of Satellite Networks and Systems and orbital positions in the ITU. Coordination of frequency assignments with different administrations. Fulfilling operators’ national requirements for national frequency assignments. Providing the required regulatory framework for Space Services in the UAE. Taking appropriate action to remedy instances of Harmful Interference. Leading the UAE’s space related entities in all matters related to space spectrum management and orbital slots. Providing clarity and direction regarding the applicable regulations / processes that apply to Space Services. Ensuring an open and transparent consultation and decision process for any amendments or new proposals for the regulation of the services. Ensuring approaches are non-discriminatory, proportionate and appropriate. Adopting approaches that support efficient use of spectrum and orbital resources and minimise the potential for interference. Adopting approaches that will, as far as possible, allow for future developments in Space Services, including new frequency bands. Useful links: Space Network Links (SNL): https://www.itu.int/ITU-R/go/space/snl/en Space Network Systems Online (SNS): https://www.itu.int/sns/ Online Index of Objects Launched into Outer Space: http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/osoindex/search-ng.jspx SatelliteOperatorLaunch DateOrbital PositionOrbital PlaneServicesCapacity Thuraya-2 Thuraya 10/6/2003 44 °E GEO MSS C, L Bands Thuraya-3 Thuraya 15/1/2008 98.5 °E GEO MSS C, L Bands Al Yah 1 Yahsat 22/4/2011 52.5 °E GEO BSS, FSS C, Ku, Ka Bands Al Yah 2 Yahsat 23/4/2012 47.5 °E GEO FSS Ka Band Al Yah 3 1 Yahsat 26/1/2018 20 °W GEO FSS Ka Band Dubaisat 1 MBRSC 29/7/2009 - LEO Remote Sensing S, X Bands Dubaisat 2 MBRSC 21/11/2013 - LEO Remote Sensing X Band Nayif 1 MBRSC 15/2/2017 - LEO Educational UHF, VHF Bands Khalifasat MBRSC 29/10/2018 - LEO Remote Sensing X Band 1 The UAE operator Yahsat wholly owns Brazilian entity YAH TELECOMUNICAÇÕES LTDA. licensed by Anatel to provide services in Brazil.